There are two species of pangolins native to Vietnam. The Chinese pangolin (Manis pentadactyla) lives in northern parts of the country, while the Sunda pangolin (Manis javanica) lives in southern regions.

Pangolins are hunted throughout their range. They are consumed as food and valued for their scales, which are used to make traditional medicine. Large quantities of pangolins and pangolin scales are also smuggled through Vietnam to China.




Pangolins are eaten in Vietnam, as well as exported in large numbers across the border to China. Vietnam is considered a gateway to smuggle pangolins to China, and regularly receives shipments across the border from Laos and Cambodia that may originate from as far away as Malaysia, Myanmar, and Indonesia.