Pangolin Consumer Crime in Vietnam: The Results of ENV surveys and enforcement campaigns, 2011-2015

Pangolins are the most trafficked mammals on earth, which is largely due to the perceived value of their scales in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). Since 2005, ENV has been working to protect pangolins and other endangered wildlife through the implementation of an integrated strategy aimed at strengthening law enforcement, reducing consumer demand, and improving and strengthening laws that protect wildlife. ENV has performed a number of surveys and assessments aimed at investigating pangolin crime and consumption in a number of major cities in Vietnam.